Antimicrobial resistance: A need for global response to address human and animal health.
Manila- 29 November 2016.
The 2016 edition of the World Antibiotic Awareness Week reached its ends on the 20th November, but the war against Antimicrobial Resistance never stops. This week, WPRO hosted the second Regional Forum of WHO Collaborating Centers in the Western Pacific Region.
More than 190 Collaborating Centers across the region are working closely with WHO to achieve the implementation, at a country level, of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs.)
Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is the third of the 17 goals listed in the SDGs and that UN Member States have agreed to achieve by 2030.
To what extend does the fight against Antibiotic Resistance and more generally, against Antimicrobial Resistance participate in the achievement of the SDGs?
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has an impact on the health of global populations, food safety, the environment and the economy. The prevention and control of AMR is complex which requires multi-sectoral collaboration between:
- human health care,
- animal health,
- agriculture, food safety, food production, and
- environmental protection sectors.
Building resilient health systems is fundamental in containing AMR and working towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC). In addition a "One Health" approach is necessary to succeed in combating antimicrobial resistance across human and animal health sectors, ultimately containment of AMR is a development agenda that is important for achieving the SDGs . This requires governance at the national, regional and global levels. At the national level it is important to develop and implement national action plans on AMR, at regional level harmonizing surveillance methodology and strengthening regulatory systems are vital and at the global level research and development of new antimicrobials, diagnostics and vaccines should be supported.
To strengthen containment efforts in the Western Pacific Region, Member States have committed to developing National Plans on Antimicrobial Resistance by May 2017. The Global Action Plan priority areas provide countries a blue print to follow:
Viet Nam, is progressing multisectoral governance and action to combating AMR. In 2015 the national action plan and aide memoire for inter-sectoral action to combat AMR was signed by four ministries (health, agriculture, environment and trade). Implementation is progressing in those four sectors. The 2016 awareness week included the 1 million pledges signature against AMR and a joint press conference of the four ministries.
Viet Nam's response is an example of national commitment and action against AMR and the areas of work that WHO Collaborating Centers have been or can be supporting in the future.